treatment – HTV https://htv.com.pk Thu, 26 Nov 2020 12:01:26 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Treatment of Breast Cancer in Pakistan https://htv.com.pk/womens-health/breast-cancer-treatment-in-pakistan Mon, 08 Oct 2018 11:39:29 +0000 https://htv.com.pk/?p=40127 Treatment Of Breast Cancer In Pakistan

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Treatment Of Breast Cancer In Pakistan

The most frequently diagnosed cancer among women around the world. The leading cause of cancer deaths in women around the world. Affecting one in nine women in Pakistan, breast cancer is a harrowing reality for many women as we speak. We asses breast cancer treatment options available in Pakistan and technological developments that have taken place in the past few years.

Risk Factors:

The list of established risk factors for having breast cancer is long and predominantly includes hormonal factors such as early onset of menstruation, not having children and not breast feeding. But sadly, this list doesn’t guarantee immunity and breast cancer has not only been reported in women of all age groups, races and reproductive histories but can also occur in men.

A lot of research has been performed to identify ways of early detection as the survival rate increases if the cancer is diagnosed in its early stages. Women all over the world are taught the importance of self-breast examinations and timely biopsies of suspicious lumps and bumps. But once diagnosed, the treatment regime is long and tiresome, with no guarantee of success.

Treatment Options:

Conventional methods of treating breast cancer can be grouped into four main categories : Surgery, Radiotherapy, Chemotherapy and Hormone Treatment. These treatments are selected individually or in combination, depending on the size, site and grade of the tumor. Another major factor which helps decide the treatment regime is a histopathology test which determines whether the tumor has hormonal receptors.

Surgery involves physical removal of the tumor mass and any adjoining tissue which has been microscopically infiltrated by tumor cells.

In Radiotherapy, the tumor mass is exposed to high levels of radiation and does not have side effects as severe as Chemotherapy, in which chemotherapeutic drugs are taken systemically and harm healthy cells along with the tumor cells.

Hormonal treatment is only helpful in cases where the tumor cells have estrogen or progesterone receptors and therefore cannot be used in all cases.

Most breast cancer patients require chemotherapy, which is associated with side effects like hair loss, severe vomiting and overall decreased immunity. These debilitating symptoms could be controlled if there was some way to ensure the chemotherapeutic drug reaches the tumor cells only. This idea brought about the concept of selective drug-delivery systems and novel treatment carriers which will ensure the drug only reaches the target tumor cells.

In recent times, the use of nanoparticles as drug-delivery systems has become the most widely studied subject with regard to chemotherapy research. Nanoparticles are clusters of atoms, molecules and molecular fragments which can be combined with the chemotherapeutic drug. The nanoparticle protects the drug from destruction as it is transported within the blood thereby increasing the drug’s efficacy. It is also able to recognize tumor cells through site-specific characteristics, thereby ensuring the drug reaches its target.

Nano-technology is predicted to change the face of chemotherapeutic industry within a few years and will hopefully make cancer treatment more efficacious at lower doses and with reduced side effects. (2)

Alternative Healing Methods:

Alongside the Allopathic treatments, research has also been performed on integrative therapies which may not be the backbone of the management protocol, but  have shown to lend a helping hand to the patient. The Society of Integrative Oncology has set forth clinical guidelines on the use of music, meditation, yoga and other such measures which have proven beneficial in controlling stress, anxiety and depression as well as reducing chemotherapy-induced vomiting, peripheral Neuropathy and pain.

Family history is a strong risk factor for breast cancer and women who have had a first-hand experience with breast cancer of a family member are often terrified of being diagnosed with the same condition. Many such women are willing to undergo surgical removal of both breasts to eliminate their risk completely.

We look forward to a day when such drastic measures are no longer considered and breast cancer patients are optimistic about their prognosis. Until we reach that day, let the research continue…

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Provincial and federal governments join hands against polio: Governor Sindh https://htv.com.pk/news/provincial-and-federal-governments-join-hands-against-polio-cm-sindh Mon, 06 Jul 2015 07:29:30 +0000 http://htv.com.pk/?p=8784 Provincial and federal governments join hands against polio: CM Sindh - HTV

According to Governor Sindh Dr Ishratul Ebad, the provincial and federal governments have joined forces to – once and for all – eliminate the deadly polio disease from Pakistan.

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Provincial and federal governments join hands against polio: CM Sindh - HTV

According to Governor Sindh Dr Ishratul Ebad, the provincial and federal governments have joined forces to – once and for all – eliminate the deadly polio disease from Pakistan.

Ebad made this statement during his meeting with the chairperson of the International Polio-plus Committee, Michael McGovern, along with five members of his delegation. Vice-chairperson of the Rotary Foundation, Caral Sandak and advice-writer for National Polio-plus Committee, Aziz Memon, were also part of the delegation.

It was stated by the chairperson that although Pakistan is one of those three countries where the elimination of polio has not been made possible as yet, however, as compared to past years, the number of polio cases in Pakistan has greatly reduced.

He further stated that the recent steps taken for the elimination of polio in Pakistan are proving to be successful. The efforts of the Sindh government for the elimination of polio were greatly appreciated by the vice-chairperson, as it could eventually lead to an end of this deadly disease in Pakistan.

Moreover, according to Ebad, the epidemic of polio in Pakistan has greatly affected the name and identity of the country. He said that the support of the people of Pakistan can easily help control the spread of polio. He further mentioned that few years ago, polio cases in Pakistan had decreased to almost zero, but in the last few years the cases have increased with an extremely steep rate, which was extremely disappointing to witness.

Earlier this week, President Mamnoon Hussain, while talking to McGovern, predicted that polio would be eradicated from Pakistan within the next two years. He asked the global community to come forward and help Pakistan in achieving its goal.

Countries like UAE are already funding Pakistan in its fight against the deadly virus. It has helped Pakistan immunize over 20 million children with nearly 87 million polio vaccines, under the banner of Emirates Polio Campaign. Polio cases in Pakistan have declined from 82 in the similar month last year to 24 cases this year – a decrease of 71%.

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Charity and Welfare: Free Treatment for Diabetics in Peshawar https://htv.com.pk/news/charity-and-welfare Thu, 23 Apr 2015 06:05:37 +0000 http://htv.com.pk/?p=7352

A free medical camp was setup in the Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar, where diabetic patients were treated and provided with medicines for free.

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A free medical camp was setup in the Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar, where diabetic patients were treated and provided with medicines for free.

Talking to HTV, Dr. Adnan Taj informed that a free diabetic camp was set up in the Lady Reading Hospital. He informed that the camp was just a progress in the ongoing campaign of HEAC International, which had organized a camp a month earlier as well and had promised to continue these camps in future on monthly basis. The camps were being set under Dr. Nazim Shezad, member of the management council committee of the Hospital and the head of HEAC Organization.

The organization had taken help from pharmaceutical companies and was using facilities of the Lady Reading Hospital to facilitate patients for checkups.

The long-term objectives of the of endo diabetic program are to enhance effectiveness of patient centered services by pharmaceutical Companies, to conduct free medical camps on diabetes prevalent areas of KPK, free diabetes treatment facility by HEAC for patients of endocrinology unit and to create awareness among community to focus on gathering resources for diabetes management.

HEAC International is a welfare organization working in the Health sector for the last five years. The organization had worked in low health infrastructure areas including the war damaged Afghanistan and the tribal areas of Pakistan. They had conducted workshops, provided health awareness and facilitated poor patients for free.

Dr Nazim Shehzad Informed HTV that once he became a permanent part of the LRH committee, he realized how important it was to start such projects with in the hospital itself, where poor people come with the perception that they would be treated for free. He said that the hospital does not have the capacity to treat the OPD patients or provide medicine for free.

In this regard HEAC is providing the resources for free medical treatment of diabetic patients at endocrinology and cardiology unit both at OPD and ward level. HEAC and Endocrinology unit  jointly register the patients for maintenance of  data in terms of the total number of patients being offered support, their follow-up trend, the drug compliance, improvement in disease as quantified by laboratory assessment as well as the prescription needs in accordance with patients stage of disease. Endocrinology unit selectively shares the data with HEAC.

Dr Nazim Shehzad appealed other private sector organizations and specifically the government to come forward and play its part.

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