5 Contraception Methods and What You Need To Know About Them

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Contraception – the very dreaded and taboo term in Pakistan. Hayee beti, don’t even think about using it!’ ‘Girls who use it are never able to conceive! Meri nand ki dewarani ki dost ki beti ki aulaad 7 saal baad hui thi birth control pills lene ki wajah se!

These are only some of the things that young girls and boys are warned about when they talk about using birth control medicines.

Are they all true? Do they come true if used? You will be surprised to know that they are not. If you are about to get married, plan to have or not have a baby, or already have one and want to practice safe sex, then this is just the right article for you to read.

What is Contraception?

Contraception or birth control, as the name clearly implies, is a method to avoid having babies while enjoying safe sex. In simple words, you will be able to have intercourse but not have to worry about getting pregnant as a result. Below are 5 kinds of contraceptives that are commonly used.

5 Birth Control Methods You Should Know About

The following birth control methods are not only safe, they are also easy to use and can help you delay pregnancy. However, they are 98% effective. This means that there is still 2% chance of you getting pregnant while using contraceptives.

1.      Condoms

These are the safest and most commonly used contraceptives. They are mostly used by people because they cause no damage to either males or females. They are also very easy to use and discard.

2.      Birth Control Implant

Birth control implant is a thin rod that is put in the arm of female and it works by releasing hormones in the body for as long as 4 years, without discontinuation. If there is a need for conception, the rod can be taken out.

3.      Birth Control Pills

These are about 91% effective and need to be taken orally daily. These are hormones though and can affect the female’s period cycle. They can also cause other health problems for some women.

4.      Diaphragm

A diaphragm is a shallow cup that is inserted into the vagina while having intercourse. This means that the sperm cannot go into the uterus and mate with the eggs. Hence, preventing pregnancy.

5.      IUD

An intrauterine device is either made of plastic or copper and is shaped like a T. Also known as a coil, it is put in by a nurse inside the uterus. It is a reversible contraception that is 99% effective. It can stay in between 5-10 years. It can be removed any time a couple wishes to get pregnant. Since there are no hormones, it causes no disruption of the menstrual cycle and hence is very safe for women.

Try out whichever method you feel works best for you.

Read in Urdu

Reviewed by Dr. Nida

Doctor’s note: Before commencing any birth control option, consult with your gynecologist. Not every method is safe for every woman. Therefore, start the method only if your doctor approves. Don’t listen to people and TV ads. This is essential for women’s health.




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