Prostate Cancer: Symptoms, Prevention & Treatment

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September is Prostate Cancer Awareness month. The prostate is a walnut-shaped gland and is a common type of cancer in males, but it is highly treatable in the early stages. This type of cancer begins in the prostate gland, which sits between the penis and the bladder. Let’s learn more about its symptoms, prevention, and treatment.

Major Risk Factor

  • Age: Risk increases after 50 years of age.
  • Family History & Genetics: Having a father or brother with prostate cancer increases the risk.
  • Weight: Obesity, along with physical inactivity, increase the risk of prostate cancer.
  • Smoking: Increase the risk for any type of cancer, including prostate cancer.

Symptoms

  • Frequent urge to urinate
  • Blood in Urine
  • Loss of appetite and weight
  • Pain and discomfort in the pelvic area

Tests and Screening

Here are a few early screening or tests that can catch cancer before it spreads

  • Digital Rectal Examination
  • Transrectal Ultrasound or MRI
  • Prostate Biopsy
  • PSA or Prostate Specific Antigen

Prevention

Here are some ways to prevent early prostate cancer

  • Maintain a healthy weight with a low body fat percentage
  • Stay physically active
  • Avoid smoking
  • Consult with a doctor if you have any of the above symptoms

Treatment

Type of treatment depends upon multiple factors and is always decided after assessing the variables like:

  • Stage and grade of cancer
  • Risk category of the patient
  • Age and health of the patient
  • Preference of a patient concerning short-term and long-term side effects.
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