Scarlet Fever

0 18

Overview

Scarlet fever is a bacterial disease that is usually a complication of strep throat. It is also known as Scarletina. It is more common in children between the ages of 5-15. Previously, a serious childhood illness, now considered much less harmful, because it can easily be brought under control by Antibiotics.

Causes

Scarlet fever is triggered by the same type of bacteria that causes a sore throat – streptococcus. When the bacteria release a toxin into the bloodstream, it leads to the development of a rash.

Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of scarlet fever include:

  • Red rash on the entire body
  • Red lines – the areas where the skin folds, the rash becomes a deeper color
  • Flushed face
  • Strawberry tongue
  • Fever with chills
  • Sore and red throat
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Enlarged lymph nodes
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Headache

Diagnosis

After the history and physical examination, the following tests are used to confirm the diagnosis of scarlet fever:

  • Throat swab
  • Blood culture

Treatment

Treatment is simply antibiotics.

You might also like
Comments
Loading...