Scarlet fever is a bacterial disease that is usually a complication of strep throat. It is also known as Scarletina. It is more common in children between the ages of 5-15. Previously, a serious childhood illness, now considered much less harmful, because it can easily be brought under control by Antibiotics.
Scarlet fever is triggered by the same type of bacteria that causes a sore throat – streptococcus. When the bacteria release a toxin into the bloodstream, it leads to the development of a rash.
The signs and symptoms of scarlet fever include:
- Red rash on the entire body
- Red lines – the areas where the skin folds, the rash becomes a deeper color
- Flushed face
- Strawberry tongue
- Fever with chills
- Sore and red throat
- Difficulty swallowing
- Enlarged lymph nodes
After the history and physical examination, the following tests are used to confirm the diagnosis of scarlet fever:
- Throat swab
- Blood culture
Treatment is simply antibiotics.