breast cancer treatment – HTV https://htv.com.pk Fri, 05 Mar 2021 11:28:56 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Breast Cancer https://htv.com.pk/health-a-to-z/breast-cancer https://htv.com.pk/health-a-to-z/breast-cancer#respond Wed, 06 Jun 2018 09:43:51 +0000 https://htv.com.pk/?p=37001

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Overview

Breast cancer is the abnormal growth of cells of the breast tissue. It is one of the most common cancers in women, but with the advancement in technology, it has become easier to detect it at an early stage, and hence the mortality associated with it has declined significantly.

Causes

Like all cancers, breast cancer also develops as a result of an interaction between various genetic and environmental factors that predispose a patient to develop the cancer. Some of these factors can be listed as:

  • Increasing age
  • A personal history of breast cancer, and other breast conditions
  • A family history of breast cancer
  • Inheriting genes that increase cancer risk
  • Radiation exposure
  • Obesity
  • Early start of period
  • Late start of menopause
  • Having first child at an older age
  • Postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy

Symptoms

Some of the following breast cancer symptoms and signs should be noted by the patient in order to become alert about the possible condition:

  • A breast lump or thickening that feels different from the surrounding tissue
  • Change in the size, shape or appearance of a breast
  • Changes to the skin over the breast, such as dimpling
  • A newly inverted nipple
  • Peeling, scaling, crusting or flaking of the pigmented area of skin surrounding the nipple (areola) or breast skin
  • Redness or pitting of the skin over your breast, like the skin of an orange

Diagnosis

The following are some of the tests and procedures that can confirm the diagnosis of breast cancer:

Treatment

There are several different treatment modalities that are used, either alone, or in combination. They are the following:

  1. Surgery (Lumpectomy, Mastectomy, sentinel lymph node removal)
  2. Chemotherapy
  3. Radiotherapy
  4. Hormone therapy

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Symptoms of Breast Cancer and How You can Prevent It https://htv.com.pk/health/symptoms-breast-cancer-can-prevent Wed, 18 Oct 2017 11:28:30 +0000 http://htv.com.pk/?p=28543

Breast cancer! Just reading those words can make many women worry. And that’s natural. Nearly everyone knows someone touched by the disease. But there is a lot of good news about breast cancer these days. Treatments keep getting better, and we know more than ever about ways to prevent the disease. But before talking about […]

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Breast cancer! Just reading those words can make many women worry. And that’s natural. Nearly everyone knows someone touched by the disease.

But there is a lot of good news about breast cancer these days. Treatments keep getting better, and we know more than ever about ways to prevent the disease. But before talking about treatment and prevention of breast cancer, let’s talk about symptoms of this disease.

Symptoms of Breast Cancer

Not everyone with breast cancer will have symptoms before they are diagnosed. But, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, possible symptoms of the disease include:

  • A lump in the breast or armpit
  • A thickening or swelling of the breast
  • Dimpling of the breast or skin irritation
  • Red or flaky skin in the nipple area
  • Nipple discharge other than breast milk

It’s important to note that even these symptoms don’t necessarily mean the presence of cancer and often signal a nonthreatening condition, such as infection.

Prevention from Breast Cancer Symptoms

If you’re concerned about breast cancer, you might be wondering if there are steps to prevent it. Some risk factors, such as family history, can’t be changed. However, there are lifestyle modifications you can make to lower your risk.

These simple ways can help lower the risk of breast cancer. Not each of them applies to every woman, but together they can have a big impact.

Prevention from Breast Cancer Symptoms

1. Keep Weight in Check

Maintaining a healthy weight is an important goal for everyone. Being overweight or obese can increase the risk of many different cancers, especially after menopause.

2. Be Physically Active

Women who are physically active for at least 30 minutes a day have a lower risk of breast cancer. Regular exercise is also one of the best ways to help keep weight in check.

3. Eat Fruits & Vegetables

A healthy diet can help lower the risk of cancer of the breast. Try to eat a lot of fruits and vegetables to keep the chances of breast cancer at bay.

4. Quit Smoking

Smokers and non-smokers alike know how unhealthy smoking is. On top of lowering quality of life and increasing the risk of heart disease, stroke, and chances of cancer, it also causes smelly breath, bad teeth, and wrinkles.

5. Breastfeed Your Babies

Breastfeeding for a total of one year or more (combined for all children) lowers the risks of breast cancer. It also has great health benefits for the child.

6. Avoid Birth Control Pills, Particularly After Age 35 or If You Smoke

Birth control pills have both risks and benefits. The younger a woman is, the lower the risks are. While women who after age 35 take birth control pills, have a slightly increased risk of breast cancer. This risk goes away quickly, though, after stopping the pill. If you’re concerned about breast cancer, avoiding birth control pills is one option to lower the risk.

7. Avoid Post-Menopausal Hormones

Post-menopausal hormones shouldn’t be taken long term to prevent chronic diseases, like osteoporosis and heart disease. Studies show that they have a mixed effect on health, increasing the risk of some diseases and lowering the risk of others, and both estrogen hormones and estrogen-plus-progestin hormones increase the risk of cancer. If women do take post-menopausal hormones, it should be for the shortest time possible. Talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits of post-menopausal hormones.

Causes, Symptoms and Treatment of Brest Cancer – HTV​

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HTV 360 发布于 2017年10月17日周二

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Breast Cancer in Young Women is not a Rarity Anymore https://htv.com.pk/news/breast-cancer-young-women-not-rarity-anymore Tue, 17 Oct 2017 10:40:20 +0000 http://htv.com.pk/?p=28478

The chances of women under 40 years of age developing breast cancer was previously reported to be less than 7%. However, there are increasing cases of younger women developing this condition, including the unmarried girls. Such cases are reported to be higher in Pakistan than the rest of the world according to the experts. They […]

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The chances of women under 40 years of age developing breast cancer was previously reported to be less than 7%. However, there are increasing cases of younger women developing this condition, including the unmarried girls. Such cases are reported to be higher in Pakistan than the rest of the world according to the experts. They shared their concerns at a conference titled, ‘Breast cancer: is it preventable?’ that was held last year.

Breast Cancer Diagnosis in Young Women

Since women at any age are at the risk of developing this condition, it is vital to make them aware irrespective of their ages. This is crucial since early detection is the only road to prevention. However, there are certain obstacles in the way of breast cancer diagnosis in younger women. These include the following:

  • Ignorance is the biggest evil – Many young women are unaware of the breast cancer threat and how to reduce its risk
  • Lack of effectual screening tool for breast cancer for women under 40
  • Insufficient research on problems focusing especially on the younger population suffering from breast cancer
  • Younger women are diagnosed much later compared to their older counterparts
  • It might be emotionally more challenging for a younger woman to tackle with the diagnosis than an older one

The problems that younger women have to go through when diagnosed with breast cancer are a little different from that of women over 40. For example, the breast tissue of younger women is denser than that of older women. This makes it harder to locate it unless it turns into a lump. Unfortunately, that is usually the last stage.

Moreover, such cancer is more destructive and harder to treat in younger women. In addition to that, younger women often do not pay much attention to key symptoms such as uncommon discharge or lumps. Even the doctors sometimes brush it off as cysts. This only aggravates the condition.

What Should Be Done?

Mammograms are not much of an option for younger women as their denser tissue makes it a failed screening attempt. Moreover, there is no point in exposing themselves to radiations when the chances of successful screening are low while the cost of the tests is high. However, in case the woman in question has a family history of breast cancer and is experiencing other symptoms, opting for mammography is recommended.

Apart from that, regular self-examination is crucial. Women after hitting their 20’s should be educated about breast cancer. They should learn how to self-examine their breasts for the presence of any suspicious lumps. In case of any abnormality, they should inform their doctors. Younger women who are either pregnant or breastfeeding must examine their breasts as well. Similarly, women with implants can run a check too with the help of their doctors.

Being on the guard is important if we want to defeat this dangerous disease. After all, early detection can be the difference between life and death.

Sources:

https://www.cancer.org/content/dam/cancer-org/research/cancer-facts-and-statistics/breast-cancer-facts-and-figures/breast-cancer-facts-and-figures-2015-2016.pdf

https://www.youngsurvival.org/learn/about-breast-cancer/statistics

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