Urinary System Disorders

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Overview

The urinary system is the system of the body responsible for the excretion of waste products of the body, via the urine. It consists of the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra. Some of the most common urinary system disorders are listed below:

  • Urinary tract infection (UTI)
  • Pyelonephritis (infection of the kidney)
  • Nephrolithiasis (Stones)
  • Nephrotic syndrome

Causes

Urinary system disorders have a broad range of causes, depending on the kind of disorder present. Infections are usually because of unhygienic practices, such as not washing properly after passing stool. Stones can occur because of certain substances in the diet of the patient. Decreased intake of water can also lead to some of these disorders.

Symptoms

The symptoms most commonly experienced with urinary system disorders are related to urination. They can be listed as:

  • Increased or decreased urine production
  • Urgency to urinate
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Burning sensation during urination
  • Blood in urine
  • Frothy urine
  • Pain during urination

Diagnosis

Some of the following tests are used to diagnose urinary system disorders:

  • Urine analysis
  • CT pyelogram
  • X-ray KUB
  • Urea Creatinine Electrolytes (UCE)
  • Blood urea nitrogen (BUN)

Treatment

The following medications are used to treat urinary system disorders:

  • Thiazide diuretics
  • Furosemide
  • Spironolactone
  • Acetazolamide
  • Antibiotics
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