Skin Cancer (Non-Melanoma)

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Overview

Non-melanoma skin cancer refers to any cancer of the skin, which is not a melanoma. The two major types of non-melanoma skin cancers are:

  1. Basal cell carcinoma
  2. Squamous cell carcinoma

Causes

Melanomas usually develop because of the following reasons and risk factors:

Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of non-melanoma skin cancers can be listed as the following:

  • An open sore that persists for weeks
  • An exposed sore that bleeds, crusts or oozes, and stays open for numerous weeks
  • A reddish, elevated or irritated patch that may crust or itch, but rarely hurts
  • A shiny pink, red, pearly white, or translucent bump
  • A pink enlargement with an elevated border and crusted central indentation
  • A scar-like, yellow, white, or waxy area, often with a loosely defined border
  • An exposed sore that bleeds, oozes, or crusts and remains open for several weeks
  • A wart-like growth
  • A raised enlargement with a rough surface and a central depression

Diagnosis

Some of the following biopsy techniques are used to diagnose nonmelanoma skin cancer:

  • Punch biopsy
  • Incisional biopsy
  • Excisional biopsy

Treatment

Treatment is subjected to the stage of the disease. The following are all part of the cancer treatment plan, used in combination:

  • Surgery
  • Radiotherapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Biological therapy
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