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Infertility is referred to as the inability to conceive a child, despite having frequent, unprotected sex for more than a year. The issue could be with either you, or your partner, or other factors that play a role in pregnancy. But it is nothing to worry about, as with the help of a physician, most couples can greatly increase the chances of conception.


The causes of male and female infertility are listed below:

Male infertility:

  • Abnormal sperm production
  • Abnormal sperm function
  • Problems with sperm motility
  • Radiation damage

Female infertility:

  • Ovulation disorders
  • Uterine or cervical abnormalities
  • Fallopian tube damage
  • Fallopian tube obstruction
  • Endometriosis
  • Primary ovarian insufficiency
  • Pelvic adhesion


The only apparent symptom of this health condition is the inability to get pregnant or make your partner pregnant, after trying multiple times.


For the diagnosis of infertility, a series of tests are conducted. They are the following:

Tests for males:

  • Semen analysis
  • Hormone testing
  • Genetic testing
  • Testicular biopsy
  • Imaging

Tests for females:

  • Ovulation testing
  • Hysterosalpingography
  • Ovarian reserve testing
  • Hormone testing
  • Imaging
  • Hysteroscopy
  • Laparoscopy


Treatment for males:

Treatment for females:

  • Medications to stimulate ovulation
  • Intrauterine insemination
  • Surgery to restore fertility

In case of couples that can not become fertile despite treatment, some of the following measures can be taken to help them conceive:

  • Intracytoplasmic sperm injection
  • Assisted hatching
  • Donor sperm or egg
  • Surrogate
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