Blood Diseases

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Overview

Blood has 3 important components; the red blood cells, the white blood cells, and the platelets. Blood diseases manifest when there is a dysfunction in any of the above mentioned 3 cell lines.

Causes

These diseases are caused by the following:

  • Disorders of bone marrow function
  • Disorders of the kidney
  • Disorders of the liver
  • Dietary deficiencies
  • Genetic disorders
  • Cancerous lesions

Symptoms

Diseases of the red blood cells manifest with some of the following symptoms:

  • Anemia
  • Lethargy
  • Jaundice
  • Fatigue
  • Difficulty in concentrating
  • Difficulty in breathing

Diseases of the white blood cells manifest with some of the following symptoms:

  • Immuno deficiency
  • Lymphadenopathies
  • Splenomegaly
  • Hepatomegaly
  • Bone pain and tenderness

Diseases of the platelet manifest with some of the following symptoms:

  • Difficulty in wound healing
  • Bleeding gums
  • Skin rashes
  • Easy bruising
  • Swollen and tender joints

Diagnosis

We diagnose the underlying cause, we can do some of the following diagnostic tests to figure out the treatment plan

  • Complete Blood Picture
  • Peripheral smear
  • Lymph node examination/biopsy
  • Bone marrow biopsy

Treatment

  • Dietary supplementation
  • Bone marrow transplant
  • Whole blood transfusion
  • Fresh frozen plasma transfusion
  • Platelets transfusion
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