stomach issues – HTV https://htv.com.pk Fri, 05 Jun 2020 07:00:58 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Food Poisoning https://htv.com.pk/health-a-to-z/food-poisoning https://htv.com.pk/health-a-to-z/food-poisoning#respond Thu, 05 Jul 2018 10:29:05 +0000 https://htv.com.pk/?p=37548

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Overview

Food poisoning refers to an infection of the GIT acquired through the ingestion of food that has been contaminated with some microorganis, or it’s toxin. The contamination can occur during the process of preparing the food. The illness is usually mild, but sometimes requires hospital admission.

Causes

There are multiple organisms that can cause food poisoning, and they can be listed as follows:

  • Campylobacter
  • Clostridium
  • Escherichia coli
  • Giardia
  • Listeria
  • Salmonella
  • Shigella
  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • Vibrio cholera
  • Vibrio vulnificus
  • Rota virus

These infectious agents are all spread through eating contaminated food. Some of the ways in which food can become contaminated are:

Symptoms

The signs and symptoms usually start a few hours after the ingestion of the contaminated food. The following signs and symptoms are most commonly associated with food poisoning:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea (watery or bloody)
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Fever

Diagnosis

For diagnosing food poisoning, a detailed history is the basic step. Questions about the stool, and food intake in the past few hours can guide the diagnosis. Apart from the history, a stool sample can be taken and cultured to identify the organism responsible.

Treatment

Treatment begins soon as the diagnosis is made, without waiting for stool culture. The following steps are implied in the treatment of food poisoning:

  • Replace fluids
  • Antibiotics
  • Bed rest

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Diarrhea https://htv.com.pk/health-a-to-z/diarrhea https://htv.com.pk/health-a-to-z/diarrhea#respond Thu, 28 Jun 2018 12:42:31 +0000 https://htv.com.pk/?p=37432

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Overview

Diarrhea is the passage of loose and watery stools. It is a common symptom, and usually resolves within a few days. However, sometimes it may last for a longer period of time, indicating some serious underlying illness.

Causes

Since diarrhea is a very common symptom, it can be caused by a range of different reasons. Some of those reasons are listed below:

  • Bacterial infection
  • Viral infection
  • Parasitic infection
  • Medications
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Fructose intolerance
  • Artificial sweeteners
  • Celiac disease
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Abdominal surgery

Symptoms

Diarrhea is a symptom in itself, but there are a few other symptoms that may be associated with this disease:

Diagnosis

For diagnosing the underlying cause of the this health condition, some of the following tests and procedures can be conducted:

  • Blood test
  • Stool test
  • Flexible sigmoidoscopy
  • Colonoscopy
  • Endoscopy

Treatment

Treatment of this disease is very simple since most cases resolve on their own in a few days without treatment. Fluid replacement and antibiotics are adequate treatment for when the diarrhea is more severe.

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What you should know about gastroenteritis virus https://htv.com.pk/health/what-you-should-know-about-gastroenteritis-virus Thu, 20 Aug 2015 12:54:23 +0000 http://htv.com.pk/?p=10122

One shouldn’t eat anything when dealing with gastroenteritis as the digestive system is not fit to digest.

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Commonly known as the stomach flu, the gastroenteritis virus is when we suffer for diarrhea and vomiting accompanied with stomach cramps. But what exactly is gastroenteritis? What are the causes, symptoms and treatment of this disease and how can you avoid it?

As the name suggests, this disease is basically gastro (stomach), entero (small intestines) and itis (inflammation). Stomach is where the food breaks down. Small intestines are where it is absorbed and becomes a part of the blood. Inflammation of these parts would mean swelling, redness, pain, heat and loss of function of these parts.

CAUSE:

Gastroenteritis is caused by a virus or bacteria. Rota virus and novo virus are common viruses. Campylobacter is the most common bacteria that cause gastroenteritis. Parasites (often called as worms) also cause gastroenteritis. Giardia Lambia (tape worm) is the main parasite for this. In simple words, consuming food or water that is contaminated can cause gastroenteritis. Eating out too often or not washing hands after using the washroom are main reasons for getting this disease. Eating undercooked meat can also cause tape worms and that can cause gastroenteritis.

SYMPTOMS:

When these viruses or bacteria infect your digestive system, they stop the water and salt from being effectively absorbed in the blood. This increases the amount of water in the stool, making the diarrhea watery. Whereas the water in the body decreases as it’s not getting absorbed. Therefore dehydration is often a side effect of gastroenteritis.

Fever is also seen in such infections. Whenever an infection enters your body, the white blood cells fight against it. This increases the body temperature, causing fever.

Muscle cramps are also experienced in gastroenteritis as the severe water and salt loss causes an electrolyte imbalance. Electrolyte imbalance makes the muscles stiff and causes cramps. Abdominal cramps and pain

Nausea, vomiting or both are experienced in gastroenteritis.

YOU MUST SEE A DOCTOR IF:

  1. There is blood in the stool.
  2. The temperature goes above 104° F (40° C) and 102° F (38.9° C)for children (bache).
  3. You vomit for more than two days.
  4. You are dehydrated (deep yellow urine, extreme thirst, dry mouth).
  5. Your baby has a sunken soft spot (fontanel) on the top of his or her head.

TREATMENT

Taking loads of fluids is the main way to treat gastroenteritis. An oral rehydration arrangement can be utilized by individuals who are especially defenseless against the impacts of lack of hydration. Patient should be given ORS with water continuously. However, if you feel you are severely dehydrated, you should be admitted to the hospital.

One shouldn’t eat anything when dealing with gastroenteritis as the digestive system is not fit to digest. Solutions to treat the side effects of gastroenteritis are not typically vital, but rather they may be suggested if your looseness of the bowels or spewing is especially serious.

PREVENTION

Prevention is always better than cure. Gastroenteritis is a painful illness and makes a person incapable of performing simple tasks due to dehydration and stomach cramps. To avoid such instances, prevention should be done.

  1. Wash your hands properly with soap and water.
  2. Carry a hand sanitizer in case soap and water are not available.
  3. Always wash hands before eating.
  4. Disinfect washrooms using antiseptics.
  5. Eat home cooked food.

Young children and older people should be taken care of as they are more prone to infections. If things get worse don’t ignore it, as it can be fatal.

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