mosquito disease – HTV https://htv.com.pk Sat, 06 Mar 2021 13:52:13 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Dengue Outbreak: What You Can Do To Protect Yourself https://htv.com.pk/health/dengue-outbreak Tue, 26 Mar 2019 11:23:23 +0000 https://htv.com.pk/?p=43618

The outbreak of dengue fever has been prevalent in Pakistan since the past few years. Recently, more than 150 cases of dengue were reported in Balochistan alone, with three cases of reported deaths. Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral disease that has no exact treatment besides managing it through bed rest and hydration. However, by making […]

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The outbreak of dengue fever has been prevalent in Pakistan since the past few years. Recently, more than 150 cases of dengue were reported in Balochistan alone, with three cases of reported deaths.

Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral disease that has no exact treatment besides managing it through bed rest and hydration. However, by making little changes in our lives we can protect ourselves against it.

Here are a few things we can do to help ourselves and others around us:

Apply mosquito repellent

With the onset of summer season, we are likely to experience an increase in the number of mosquitoes. While lighting mosquito coils is helpful, it is also important to apply mosquito repellents on exposed skin whether we are indoors or outdoors.

However, do not apply the repellent on wounds or cuts or areas near the eyes and mouth.

Related: Dengue Fever

Wear long sleeves or pants

If you reside in an area where there has been a reported case of dengue fever, you should wear long-sleeves shirts, pants and socks when outdoors.

Cover up when asleep

If you own an air condition then it is best to switch it on while sleeping. However, if you do not have one, use mosquito nets.

Related: How To Use Papaya Leaves To Treat Dengue Patients

Don’t leave clean water containers exposed

The female Anopheles mosquito through which the dengue fever is transmitted breeds on clean water. To protect our homes from dengue mosquitoes it is important to not only use insecticide sprays but also cover any fresh water containers.

If you have a lawn or potted plants inside the house, make sure that you loosen the soil to avoid accumulation of water on surface.

Most importantly, in case of any visible symptoms of dengue fever visit a doctor immediately.

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Dengue Fever https://htv.com.pk/health-a-to-z/dengue-fever https://htv.com.pk/health-a-to-z/dengue-fever#respond Tue, 03 Jul 2018 07:02:49 +0000 https://htv.com.pk/?p=37503

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Overview

Dengue fever is a viral illness that is transmitted via the female Anopheles mosquito. It is a common disease in tropical and subtropical areas of the world.

Causes

There are four types of dengue virus strains, and any of the four strains can cause the disease. The virus is spread via a mosquito. When the mosquito bites an infected individual, the mosquito becomes infected, and when the infected mosquito bites a healthy individual, it transmits the virus to the healthy individual.

The hemorrhagic fever occurs when the vessels become damaged because of the infection, leading to the vessels becoming leaky, and hence the bleeding out symptoms.

Symptoms

The mild form of the illness doesn’t produce significant symptoms, but in severe dengue fever, the patient will experience the following symptoms:

  • High grade fever (more than 1040 F)
  • Headache
  • Muscle, bone and joint pain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Pain behind the eyes
  • Swollen glands
  • Rash

When the disease becomes more severe, it changes into a hemorrhagic form of the disease, called Dengue hemorrhagic fever. The signs and symptoms for the hemorrhagic fever can be listed as:

  • Extreme abdominal pain
  • Consistent vomiting
  • Bleeding through the nose/gums
  • Blood in urine, stool or vomit
  • Bleeding under the skin, which may look like a bruise
  • Difficulty or fast breathing
  • Clammy or cold skin (possibly due to shock)
  • Weakness
  • Irritability or agitation

Diagnosis

The diagnosis is made on the base of a detailed history, and the signs found on physical examination of the patient.

Blood tests for Dengus NS-1 Antigen can be helpful. Platelets are monitored as risk of bleeding increases as platelet count decreases.

Treatment

There is no exact treatment for dengue fever, and is usually managed by adequate bed rest and hydration.

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