heartburn – HTV https://htv.com.pk Tue, 11 May 2021 08:59:07 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Ulcer https://htv.com.pk/health-a-to-z/ulcer https://htv.com.pk/health-a-to-z/ulcer#respond Thu, 26 Jul 2018 06:34:38 +0000 https://htv.com.pk/?p=38287

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Overview

Peptic ulcers are open lesions that grow on the inside lining of your stomach and the upper portion of your small intestine. The most common symptom of a peptic ulcer is stomach pain.

There are two types of peptic ulcers:

  1. Gastric ulcers that occur on the inside of the stomach
  2. Duodenal ulcers that grow on the inside of the upper portion of your small intestine (duodenum)

Causes

Some of the most important causes of ulcers are listed below:

  • Diet high in spice
  • Chronic NSAIDs use
  • Infection with Helicobacter pylori
  • Stress

Symptoms

The following symptoms are associated with ulcers:

  • Burning stomach pain
  • Feeling of fullness, bloating or belching
  • Fatty food intolerance
  • Heartburn
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting or vomiting blood — which may appear red or black
  • Dark blood in stools
  • Black or tarry stool
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Appetite changes

Diagnosis

The following tests can confirm the diagnosis of ulcers:

  • Blood test
  • Stool culture
  • Endoscopy

Treatment

Ulcers are treated with the following treatment modalities:

  • Medicine that block stomach acid production – PPIs
  • Medicine that reduces acid production – H2 receptor blockers
  • Antibiotics
  • Antacids
  • Medicine that protects the stomach lining – muco-protective agents

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Malignant Neoplasm Of Digestive Organs https://htv.com.pk/health-a-to-z/digestive-organs https://htv.com.pk/health-a-to-z/digestive-organs#respond Wed, 18 Jul 2018 16:40:02 +0000 https://htv.com.pk/?p=38002

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Overview

Malignant neoplasm refers to cancer. Cancer can influence any part of the body. Some of the common digestive organ cancers are discussed in this article.

Causes

As with all cancers, the exact cause is not known. There is evidence however, that links some of the following factors to the development of digestive organ cancers:

  • Unhealthy diet
  • Family history of cancer
  • Smoking
  • Long-term inflammation of the inner lining or the organ
  • Low fiber diet

Symptoms

Digestive organ cancers present with the following symptoms:

  • Esophageal cancer – difficulty swallowing, chest pain, weight loss, heartburn, coughing
  • Stomach cancer – feeling full or bloated after eating a small amount of food, heartburn, weight loss, stomach pain, vomiting, severe nausea
  • Colon cancer – change in bowel habits, weight loss, rectal bleeding, constant abdominal discomfort

Diagnosis

The following tests are used to diagnose cancers:

  • Endoscopy
  • Colonoscopy
  • Neoplastic tissue biopsy
  • CT scan
  • PET scan
  • Exploratory surgery

Treatment

The treatment of cancer depends on its severity and progress. The following treatment options are available for cancer treatment:

  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Surgical resection of the cancer tissue

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