flu – HTV https://htv.com.pk Tue, 24 Nov 2020 07:23:33 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Influenza https://htv.com.pk/health-a-to-z/influenza https://htv.com.pk/health-a-to-z/influenza#respond Fri, 06 Jul 2018 11:28:32 +0000 https://htv.com.pk/?p=37879

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Overview

Influenza or the flu is a virus of the respiratory tract. It is extremely common and resolves on its own without any complication in most of the populations. It can, however, result in serious complications in particular cases.

Causes

The flu virus is spread through direct contact or through air droplets that are spread via sneezing, talking or coughing. Children, aged people and those with compromised immune systems are, particularly at risk.

Symptoms

There is a little difference between the common cold and influenza. Flu, however, is more severe than a cold and occurs much more suddenly. Common signs and symptoms of the flu are:

  • Fever
  • Body pain and muscle ache
  • Chills and sweating
  • Dry cough
  • Headache
  • Sore throat
  • Nasal congestion (blocked nose)

Flu can lead to severe complications such as pneumonia, bronchitis, heart problems, ear infections, and asthma flare-ups, especially in children under 5 years of age, and adults over 65. Immuno-compromised, bed bound, obese, and people with other chronic illnesses such as heart, kidney, or lung diseases need to evaluate for flu complications.

Diagnosis

Flu is usually diagnosed upon clinical examination of the signs and symptoms. Specialized diagnostic tests for flu antigens can be used depending on the requirement.

Treatment

Annual flu vaccination is the most preferred method of prevention against influenza. Bed rest and fluids are usually all that is recommended for a bout of flu; in some cases, anti-viral medication such as oseltamivir or zanamivir may be used.

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Cold, Flu, and Sinusitis https://htv.com.pk/health-a-to-z/flu https://htv.com.pk/health-a-to-z/flu#respond Tue, 12 Jun 2018 07:58:30 +0000 https://htv.com.pk/?p=37141

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Overview

Cold, flu, and sinusitis are three different diseases which have similar symptoms, in that they all primarily affect the respiratory tract (nose, throat, airways, and lungs).

Causes

Colds are most commonly caused by rhinoviruses.

The flu is caused by the Influenza virus.

Sinusitis is a complication of cold, hence also caused by rhinoviruses. However, sinusitis can also be caused by bacteria, and it can also be due to allergic conditions.

Symptoms

Symptoms of cold and flu include:

  • Fever over 100.4 F (38 C)
  • Aching muscles, especially in your back, arms and legs
  • Chills and sweats
  • Headache
  • Dry, persistent cough
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Nasal congestion
  • Sore throat

Symptoms of Sinusitis:

  • Drainage of a thick yellowish green discharge from the nose
  • Nasal obstruction due to congestion
  • Pain and tenderness around the eyes, on the forehead, on the nose. This pain worsens on bending

Diagnosis

Colds are diagnosed on the basis of the signs and symptoms.

The flu can also be diagnosed from signs and symptoms but a test is available, called the rapid influenza diagnostic test.

The diagnosis of sinusitis can be confirmed by some of the following tests and procedures:

  • Nasal endoscopy
  • CT scan of sinuses
  • MRI of sinuses
  • Nasal and sinus cultures
  • Allergy testing

Treatment

Colds and flus are managed conservatively, by giving the patient fluids for adequate hydration, and bed rest.

Sinusitis however can be managed with some of the following modalities:

  • Saline nasal spray
  • Nasal steroid spray
  • Nasal decongestant
  • Antibiotics (if bacterial origin)

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6 natural remedies to cure flu https://htv.com.pk/health/6-natural-remedies-to-cure-flu Sat, 28 Nov 2015 13:10:28 +0000 http://htv.com.pk/?p=13418

Influenza is a viral infection which is most common in winters. You will see every other person sneezing, coughing or with a terrible voice; and before you know it, you would have joined that group as well.

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Influenza is a viral infection which is most common in winters. You will see every other person sneezing, coughing or with a terrible voice; and before you know it, you would have joined that group as well.

Viral infection takes its time to leave, however, the symptoms can be suppressed and you can suffer just a little less if you follow a few of these home remedies.

HONEY

Honey is the tastiest anti-biotic out there. Grandma was right when she said that honey is the answer to every question, and this fact is now backed by science! Honey is loaded with anti-bacterial properties that enhance our immunity. It has enzymes that act against bacteria and their metabolism.

Mixing one table spoon in a glass of warm water right after waking up will provide sudden relief. Drink this throughout the day. Warm a table spoon of honey and sprinkle black pepper on it, and eat it few times a day.

GARLIC

Garlic has antibacterial properties that are extremely effective. It is more than just a spice for curries. Chop or crush two or three fresh garlic cloves and put them in one cup of hot water. Let it steep for 10 minutes, strain and then drink it like a tea. Do this three or four times a day.

LEMON

Lemon is rich in vitamin C and vitamin C is a well-known immunity booster. Having lemon water helps a lot and makes recovery faster.

Put one chopped lemon (both skin and pulp) into one cup of boiling water. Let it steep for five minutes and then inhale the steam and drink this hot lemonade three or four times a day until your symptoms subside. Mix lemon with honey in warm water and sip it throughout the day.

GINGER

Ginger, like garlic, can be used for more than just seasoning. Ginger is one of the most beneficial ground herbs which can often be used in sickness. Ginger tea is a common flu antidote. In case you are unaware of this trick, take one inch of ginger and cook it in two cups of water until just one cup remains.

Combine two teaspoons each, of grated ginger root and bayberry bark, and one teaspoon of powdered cayenne. Add one teaspoon of the mixture to one cup of boiling water. Let it steep for half an hour and then strain it. Drink this several times a day.

OREGANO

Oregano, whether in form of oil or oregano tea, can give innumerable benefits and provide relief during a bad cold. Add a drop of oregano oil in warm water, and drink it three times a day. Oregano enriched with IgEimmuneglobins that help during a cold. It’s also rich in antibacterial properties.

Boiling a tea spoon of oregano in a glass of water and having it several times a day would decrease the symptoms of flu and cure the disease sooner.

CINNAMON

Cinnamon is amazing, whether you add it in bread, in curry or your anti-flu medication. Cinnamon powder can be added in honey and eaten whenever you feel a sore throat. Cinnamon can be boiled as cinnamon tea also sooths the throat and opens your sinuses.

These simple home remedies will come in handy for the days to come. Make sure you save these somewhere for the rainy days!

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