drugs – HTV https://htv.com.pk Wed, 25 Nov 2020 04:31:23 +0000 en-US hourly 1 How Looking For The Right Clues Could Help Someone Beat Addiction https://htv.com.pk/articles/help-addiction-victims Tue, 22 Jan 2019 12:44:51 +0000 https://htv.com.pk/?p=42531

People with addiction issues are not the only ones who suffer, their family members and friends suffer too. This is a sad truth. When family is involved, each one of them suffer in their own ways. The members may feel abandoned, anxious, angry and embarrassed because of the addict’s behavior and habits. The damage can […]

The post How Looking For The Right Clues Could Help Someone Beat Addiction appeared first on HTV.

]]>

People with addiction issues are not the only ones who suffer, their family members and friends suffer too. This is a sad truth. When family is involved, each one of them suffer in their own ways. The members may feel abandoned, anxious, angry and embarrassed because of the addict’s behavior and habits. The damage can extend throughout the friend circle in some cases. For all of these reasons, it is necessary to understand what addiction can do, how to help someone with addiction and how to improve life thereafter read more.

Knowing Addiction is a Disease

The most important thing, if your loved one is an addict, is to understand that addiction is a disease, not a moral failing or sin. This is a good news, because addiction can therefore be treated successfully with appropriate medication and rehabilitation. It may take a long while to come to this understanding when you are preoccupied by the negative effects the addiction of the loved one has caused. You may have trouble letting go of the anger that has accumulated for many years. The resentment toward the addict seems to remain forever. However, understanding the fact that addiction is treatable and curable is a big step toward success.

Learning Coping and Communication Skills

When your loved one is a victim of addiction, it is essential to learn new coping and communication skills while learning to protect your own emotions. This will help them and at the same time support them through their recovery process. Family members need to recognize the health problems of addiction and various other issues arising from them, and understand that what they say or do will have positive or adverse impact on the addict’s road to recovery. The good news is that many family members have been successful in learning the skills and reversed the addiction with proper treatment. In essence, acquiring healthy coping and communication skills can lead to rewarding outcomes for both the family members and addict.

Limiting Codependency

Codependency is one of the major problems seen in families with addicts. This is a complex relationship between family members and the addict which appears to be fun and loving on the outside but inhibits successful transition from addiction to cure. In a codependency situation, the addict becomes increasingly dependent on the family for everything. The addict learns to depend on others to ‘fix’ his or her issues. For instance, the addict may ask family members to bail him or her out of jail, after getting into trouble with law. The family members in return will do what is being asked, even clean up the “mess” created by the addict in order to protect the addict and themselves.

This behavior may continue as long as the family members are enabling it and letting it to happen again and again. It can take a toll on the life of everybody involved, not just the addict. This is a dangerous situation to be in, something that many family members cope with in order to survive the emotional pain and distress caused by the loved one’s addiction. Enabling behavior like these can temporarily lessen the conflict, but for the long run they are highly counterproductive and dangerous. Knowing this fact is important before such a behavior is entertained.

The post How Looking For The Right Clues Could Help Someone Beat Addiction appeared first on HTV.

]]>
Poisoning https://htv.com.pk/health-a-to-z/poisoning https://htv.com.pk/health-a-to-z/poisoning#respond Mon, 23 Jul 2018 08:35:05 +0000 https://htv.com.pk/?p=38047

The post Poisoning appeared first on HTV.

]]>

Overview

Poisoning refers to an injury or death caused by inhaling, ingesting, injecting, or touching various chemicals, drugs, venoms, or gases. Some substances need to be in high concentrations to be poisonous.

Causes

Poisoning can either be accidental or intentional. Some of the following causes are listed below:

  1. Accidental
  • Accidentally inhaling fumes
  • Accidentally ingesting poisonous liquid by mistaking it for something else
  • Accidentally coming in contact with a poisonous substance

      2. Intentional

Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of this condition may include:

  • Burns or redness around the mouth and lips
  • Smell of chemicals from breath
  • Vomiting
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Drowsiness
  • Confusion
  • Altered mental status

These signs and symptoms can mimic other conditions as well. Hence it is significant to be vigilant and identify these symptoms early.

Diagnosis

The diagnosis of poisoning is made urgently by medical history, signs, and symptoms.

Treatment

To treat the poisoning, a few of the following measures are instantly taken:

  • Gastric lavage
  • Oxygen therapy
  • Rinsing the contaminated area

The post Poisoning appeared first on HTV.

]]>
https://htv.com.pk/health-a-to-z/poisoning/feed 0
Psoriatic Arthritis https://htv.com.pk/health-a-to-z/psoriatic-arthritis https://htv.com.pk/health-a-to-z/psoriatic-arthritis#respond Mon, 23 Jul 2018 07:48:48 +0000 https://htv.com.pk/?p=38081

The post Psoriatic Arthritis appeared first on HTV.

]]>

Overview

Psoriatic arthritis affects some psoriasis patients — a condition of the skin that causes red patches covered with silvery scales. Most people develop psoriasis first and later psoriatic arthritis, but the joint problems can sometimes begin before skin lesions appear. Both psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis, are characterized by periods of disease flare-ups, alternating with periods of remission.

Causes

This disease is an autoimmune process. Body’s immune system attacks its own cells of the joints and skin. Genetic, as well as environmental factors (physical trauma, infections),  play a role in the development of this disease.

Symptoms

The symptoms appear in a relapsing and remitting pattern. The following are the signs and symptoms associated with this condition:

  • Painful and swollen joints that feel warm to the touch
  • Sausage-like painful swelling of the fingers and toes
  • Pain at the points where tendons attach to the bones – Achilles tendinitis, Plantar fasciitis
  • Pain in the lower back

Diagnosis

No specific test can diagnose psoriatic arthritis. However, the following tests can help distinguish psoriatic arthritis from other types of arthritis:

  • X-ray
  • MRI
  • Rheumatoid factor
  • Joint fluid Direct report
  • Joint fluid analysis

Treatment

There is no definite cure for this disease, but the following medications can be used in an acute flare-up:

  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs
  • Immunosuppressants
  • TNF alpha inhibitors
  • Steroid injections into the joints

Joint replacement surgery is also a choice for when the joint is completely destroyed.

The post Psoriatic Arthritis appeared first on HTV.

]]>
https://htv.com.pk/health-a-to-z/psoriatic-arthritis/feed 0
Drug shields infants from HIV in breast milk: Study https://htv.com.pk/news/drug-shields-infants-from-hiv-in-breast-milk-study Thu, 19 Nov 2015 13:56:38 +0000 http://htv.com.pk/?p=13152

Giving anti-AIDS drugs directly to infants breastfed by their HIV-positive mothers significantly reduces their risk of contracting the killer virus, researchers said Thursday.

The post Drug shields infants from HIV in breast milk: Study appeared first on HTV.

]]>

Giving anti-AIDS drugs directly to infants breastfed by their HIV-positive mothers significantly reduces their risk of contracting the killer virus, researchers said Thursday.

Less than 1.5 percent of children, given one of two anti-viral drugs during 12 months of breastfeeding, caught the virus from their mothers said a study published in The Lancet medical journal.

This was the first study to assess the effectiveness of AIDS drugs to prevent mother-to-child transmission in infants breastfed for longer than six months.

Breastfeeding, especially in poor countries, is one of the best ways to improve infant survival, but is also an avenue for women to pass the AIDS-causing virus on to their infants.

The latest findings will feed into an ongoing debate which stacks the nutritional benefits of breastfeeding up against the risk it holds for transmitting the virus which causes AIDS.

The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that HIV-positive women, especially in developing countries, breastfeed their infants for at least 12 months — the best way to get the nutrients they need and avoid serious illnesses such as diarrhoea and pneumonia.

When the mothers themselves were taking antiretroviral (ARV) drugs, the risk of transmission is about 0.2 percent per month — thus 2.4 percent in total over 12 months of breastfeeding.

But when special child ARV formulations were given to the baby directly, the risk was about 1.5 percent, said Thursday’s study, which involved some 1,200 children in Burkina Faso, South Africa, Uganda and Zambia.

The study was done before the UN’s health organ decided earlier this year that all people living with HIV should be given ARVs regardless of the level of CD4 immune cells in their body — a measure of HIV progression.

Previously, ARV treatment had been recommended from a level of about 350 cells per cubic millimetre — compared to about 500-1,200 in a healthy person.

The researchers tested two drugs given directly to the infants — lamivudine and lopinavir — and found they were equally effective.

PROLONG INFANT TREATMENT

Existing treatments help infected people live longer, healthier lives by delaying and subduing symptoms, but do not cure AIDS.

Many people in poor communities do not have access to the life-giving drugs, and there is no preventive vaccine.

“This finding justifies the extension of infant pre-exposure prophylaxis until the end of HIV exposure” through breastfeeding, the study authors said.

And they highlighted “the need to inform mothers about the persistent risk of transmission throughout breastfeeding to prevent them stopping giving the treatment to their babies too soon.”

The team found that most of the HIV infections in the study groups were due to treatment being stopped.

To this end, more research was needed for a more palatable baby medicine, or potentially long-acting injectable drugs.

Thirty-nine million people have died of AIDS, according to UN estimates, and about 35 million are living with the immune system-destroying virus today, overwhelmingly in poor countries.

News source: AFP

The post Drug shields infants from HIV in breast milk: Study appeared first on HTV.

]]>