moms – HTV https://htv.com.pk Wed, 25 Nov 2020 09:27:43 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Why Mothers Are Finding It Difficult To Breastfeed Their Infants in Pakistan https://htv.com.pk/moms/breastfeed-infants-in-pakistan Wed, 10 Jul 2019 05:43:03 +0000 https://htv.com.pk/?p=45235

As per the National Nutrition Survey 2018 key findings published last month, there has been a steady increase in the proportion of children receiving breast milk during the first hour after birth between 2011 and 2018. However, the trend for exclusive breastfeeding is not linear. From 50% in 2001, it decreased to 37.7% in 2011 […]

The post Why Mothers Are Finding It Difficult To Breastfeed Their Infants in Pakistan appeared first on HTV.

]]>

As per the National Nutrition Survey 2018 key findings published last month, there has been a steady increase in the proportion of children receiving breast milk during the first hour after birth between 2011 and 2018.

However, the trend for exclusive breastfeeding is not linear. From 50% in 2001, it decreased to 37.7% in 2011 and then again to 28% in 2018, bringing Pakistan close to the World Health Assembly target of 50%.

So why exactly has there been a decrease in women exclusively breastfeeding their infants?

Pediatrician at Margalla General Hospital Dr Nazia Abbasi says breastfeeding practices in Pakistan are decreasing every year due to multiple factors.

These factors include the fact that earlier only women who belonged to upper-class households used to avoid breastfeeding because they think it has an impact on their body shape among other things. But now women from the middle-class work full-time and don’t have the facility of daycare centers at their workplaces.

Shazia Luqman who works at a university in Islamabad gave birth to twins twice and never had complaints of less milk production. But she couldn’t take her kids to her workplace as it lacked the facility of a daycare center.

“At work I used to feel uncomfortable as I always felt the need to breastfeed as I had access milk production but had no choice but to wait. I couldn’t afford to quit my job,” she shares.

On the other hand, lower middle-class women complain about low milk production because of malnourishment.

Exclusive breastfeeding

According to the survey, the proportion of children who are exclusively breastfed for the first six months of life is highest in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (60.7%) and KP-NMD (59.0%), and lowest in Azad Jammu and Kashmir (42.1%) and Balochistan 43.9%.

Prevalence of the practice of continued breastfeeding is highest at one year of age at 68.4% and thereafter decreases to 56.5% at two years of age. Relative to the rates in 2011 this represents a decrease from 77.3% and an increase from 54.3%, respectively.

Dr Abbasi says children who are not breastfed for six months after their birth are more likely to suffer from various respiratory infections, such as, pneumonia and diarrhea. “Mothers must breastfeed exclusively for the first six months and continue it for at least the first year of the child’s life,” advises Dr Abbasi.

However, in urban areas a lot of women cannot breastfeed because there are no daycare centers at their workplaces, informs Dr Abbasi. On the other hand, most offices and organizations don’t allow children at work. “There is no replacement for mother’s milk and formula milk can never be a good substitute to it,” she says.

Related: Breastfeeding Tips For New Moms

It is also important to note that only a small segment of the society can in fact afford formula milk. Dr Abbasi explains that a lot of children are also malnourished because most people turn to lose milk as formula milk is a financial burden, and the former can affect the child’s physical growth and cause various infectious diseases.

Medical officer at the pediatrician department at the Mayo Hospital, Dr Imran Shah says that after six months the child can be fed comfort food. This may include khichri, semolina, kheer and banana. Hence, in case the child can’t be breastfed exclusively, he/she should be fed comfort food.

Moreover, lack of awareness also leads to a decrease in mothers breastfeeding their infants. For instance, a lot of women believe they cannot breastfeed their children if they have Hepatitis or TB.

However, Dr Shah clarifies that women who have AIDs are not allowed to breastfeed. Women who have TB and Hepatitis can breastfeed their children.

He also pointed out that the infant should be breastfed in the first hour of its birth as the mother’s milk has colostrum, which has antibodies and it boosts the strength to fight against diseases.

Most importantly, breastfeeding also strengthens the bond between the mother and the child, he elaborates. “It is also a natural contraceptive and reduces the chances of breast cancer in mothers,” mentions Dr Shah.

How to promote breastfeeding?

Dr Shah says there are things that can be done on governmental level like organizing lectures by medical field officers who talk about the importance of breastfeeding.

“When lady health workers visit houses and talk about these issues, women don’t pay attention to it thinking they are women of their [own] areas, hence they think how can they teach us.”

On the other hand, as the employment rate of women has increased, offices should be encouraged to set up a separate nursing room for mothers, recommends Dr Shah.

Related: When Does Breastfeeding Stop Hurting?

Dr Abbasi also says that companies need to revise their policies. “In Pakistan most women don’t get paid leaves and are required to forgo income in order to breastfeed,” she says. “In a country like Pakistan, breastfeeding should not be viewed as a personal choice as almost all women do understand how important breastfeeding is for the health of their children,” she adds.

There is a need to recognize the social and economic realities that curtail options for women who want to breastfeed their kids.

The post Why Mothers Are Finding It Difficult To Breastfeed Their Infants in Pakistan appeared first on HTV.

]]>
Signs That Your Child Is Being Bullied At School https://htv.com.pk/moms/bullying-in-school Mon, 01 Jul 2019 09:54:42 +0000 https://htv.com.pk/?p=45164

Bullying can take many forms and is not limited to physical force. It can take place in the cyber and physical spheres and includes actions that can physically harm, emotionally hurt, intimidate or manipulate a person into doing what they don’t want to. A 2017 report stated that bullying in Pakistan is rapidly growing and […]

The post Signs That Your Child Is Being Bullied At School appeared first on HTV.

]]>

Bullying can take many forms and is not limited to physical force. It can take place in the cyber and physical spheres and includes actions that can physically harm, emotionally hurt, intimidate or manipulate a person into doing what they don’t want to. A 2017 report stated that bullying in Pakistan is rapidly growing and it currently place 22 out of 25 countries for the highest rate of cyber-bullying.

Bullying in school is often ignored and the signs are sometimes difficult to pick up on. Furthermore, children are less likely to approach a problem head-on or complain about it. There are certain signs that you can however, pick up on that could potentially mean that your child is being bullied.

Unexplained headaches, stomach aches or other complaints

Waking up with any ailment that doesn’t have an explanation- and seems to happen frequently maybe a red flag. It isn’t that your child is making up illnesses but keep in mind that anxiety manifests itself in many ways- anxiety could be a legitimate cause of a stomach ache in children, they just don’t know how to explain it.

Read: 5 Ways You Can Prepare Your Child To Go Back To School

Reluctance in going to school

Where a once happy child was super eager to go to school, he/she is now reluctant or not as excited for school- it may be time to ask questions. Ask teachers if he is acting differently, check for other behaviors that are unlike him and may be due to bullying in school.

Answers to questions don’t add up or if he/she avoids answering certain things

If your child is giving you answers that don’t add up or answers simple questions like ‘did you have fun in school today?’ with vagueness or disinterest, it may be a sign of concern. Although, many children do not tend to answer questions and it does not indicate bullying. Lack of coherence and connectivity in stories is more of a red flag.

Lack of interest in social activities/ lesser friends

All of a sudden your child is not going to birthday parties, or is not interested in play dates. He/she may not want to attend extra-curricular activities and seems to have lesser friends than before. If they’re spending more time on cyber-activities or at home instead of playing, then it may be tell-tale sign on bullying.

Fear- seems more attached to family members

Usually children will turn to family members for comfort and acceptance. If your child seems more attached (more than normal) to you/ or other family members, it may be coming from a place of fear. Requests previously uncommon like ‘I want mom to drop me all the way to class’ or ‘can you stay throughout my football session’- could be a sign of worry.

Bullying is something that requires early intervention and a collaboration between the school and the parents to effectively manage. If you feel that your child is being bullied, do not hesitate to ask the class teachers to keep a more vigilant eye on your child and his behavior.

The post Signs That Your Child Is Being Bullied At School appeared first on HTV.

]]>
Signs And Symptoms Of Miscarriage https://htv.com.pk/health/signs-of-miscarriage Sat, 25 May 2019 02:20:06 +0000 https://htv.com.pk/?p=42560

Miscarriages are more common than one would think. Almost 25% (possibly more that go undocumented) of all pregnancies end in a miscarriage, out of which 80% will happen in the first trimester. One important thing to note is that a miscarriage is not something you can entirely control, it is mostly due to genetic abnormality […]

The post Signs And Symptoms Of Miscarriage appeared first on HTV.

]]>

Miscarriages are more common than one would think. Almost 25% (possibly more that go undocumented) of all pregnancies end in a miscarriage, out of which 80% will happen in the first trimester.

One important thing to note is that a miscarriage is not something you can entirely control, it is mostly due to genetic abnormality in the embryo.

Read about the most common causes of a miscarriage here.

How does one know that they are miscarrying or have miscarried?

Here are some signs and symptoms you can look out for:

Vaginal bleeding: If it is very early on in the pregnancy, you may even confuse this with your regular period. The bleeding can vary in amount, from spotting to continuous bleeding ranging between 1-5 days. However, not all bleeding means you are miscarrying. Do check with your doctor.

Period-like cramps: This could be due to your body trying to expel any pregnancy tissue in your system.

Lower back pain

Blood clots or a pink mucus discharge from your vagina

Loss of pregnancy symptoms like nausea: If you seem to suddenly lose the symptoms of pregnancy that you have been experiencing, it may be a sign of miscarriage.

Tips for a safe pregnancy after experiencing a miscarriage

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is best to visit your doctor right away. However, do keep in mind that once a miscarriage is underway, it is highly unlikely to be stopped. The appropriate care must be taken post-miscarriage to ensure that the mother recovers well.

The post Signs And Symptoms Of Miscarriage appeared first on HTV.

]]>
What Are Mummy Breakfasts And Where Should One Go For Them? https://htv.com.pk/htv-eats/mummy-breakfast-places Wed, 27 Feb 2019 11:28:10 +0000 https://htv.com.pk/?p=43175

Busy moms find themselves with a little window of alone time after the early morning school drop-off, what better way to spend it than to go for a nice, relaxed breakfast? Read on to find out which restaurants open early for breakfast service.

The post What Are Mummy Breakfasts And Where Should One Go For Them? appeared first on HTV.

]]>

Karachiites are known for lateness. Our weddings start when they should be ending, bazaars start operating at 1 p.m., and did you call someone for dinner at 8? Well, nobody’s showing up before 9.30.

On the other hand, busy moms find themselves with a little window of alone time after the early morning school drop-off. It’s the best time to run errands or take time out for themselves.

However, it’s great to see that many restaurants have taken notice of this. Many eateries now have early opening hours for customers who would like to enjoy a delicious breakfast with their friends before getting back to the hard knock life.

Also, here’s what happens to your body when you skip breakfast. More reason to go!

We have lovingly picked up the term ‘mummy breakfast’ as it is often used in such situations. These breakfasts aren’t simply for the purpose of social activity, but they often serve as a fantastic opportunity for one to get acquainted with their child’s social circle. It promotes feelings of community, a bond among parents and a friendly environment to discuss parenting challenges and solutions.

On a personal note, I have felt that having a no-kid breakfast with other parents allows me the space to voice concerns and get a whole support system to lift me up with words of motivation.

Related: 7 worst breakfast foods to start your day with

Now. Where does one go for a good breakfast? The number one rule is that it must open early, so that one can go directly after school drop-off.

Here’s a list of restaurants that open early, in order of which opens the earliest:

FLOC: 7 a.m.

FLOC/Facebook

FLOC is located on Zamzama and II Chundrigar Road. It’s the perfect café for coffee lovers as they offer a wide range of brewing techniques. They also have an impressive number of hot chocolates on the menu.

Did you know? Coffee is actually healthy!

N’eco’s: 7.30 a.m.

N’eco’s/Facebook

N’eco’s is now a household name for organic and clean eating meal options. It has recently opened a new branch on Shaheed-e-Millat in addition to their iconic Bukhari branch.

Butler’s: 7.30 a.m.

Butler’s/Facebook

Located conveniently on main Zamzama, Butler’s is one of the few cafés that has managed to maintain consistency with its meals.

Esquires: 7.30 a.m.

Relatively new to Karachi’s food scene, Esquires on Zamzama has quickly become a regular option for breakfasts.

Café Aylanto: 7.45 a.m.

Café Aylanto/Facebook

Aylanto has gained popularity as a no-fail dinner restaurant and since it is located near so many preschools, it was a wise decision to start serving breakfast too.

Espresso: 8 a.m.

Espresso/Facebook

Never disappointing, Espresso is a favorite among many breakfast-ers. Easily the best coffee in town.

Xander’s: 8 a.m.

Xander’s is an absolute favorite. Always consistently good, friendly service, quick with caffeine, and an amazing breakfast menu.

Lal’s: 8 a.m.

It’s easy to feel guilty going to Lal’s without the kids but hey, you can finally finish your milkshake all by yourself.

Chatterbox and Chatterbox Deli: 8 a.m

Chatterbox Deli/Facebook

Another favorite. The Chatterboxes have maintained quality and are the type of places you never get tired of frequenting.

Mews: 8 a.m.

Mews/Facebook

Mews can be a hit or a miss, but it’s still a beautiful place to sit and have a chat. Especially with all the natural light pouring in.

Cosmopolitan: 8 a.m

Cosmopolitan/Facebook

Dessert for breakfast is never a bad idea, and Cosmopolitan has capitalized on that. Fererro pancakes, anyone?

Marcel’s: 8 a.m

Spacious, with a warm ambience, Marcel’s is a place you can easily over-stay comfortably. Make sure you get some freshly made croissants in the morning. Dare I say, the best in the city?

Evergreen: 8 a.m

Eating clean never tasted this good. Just one look at the colorful, veggie filled photos of Evergreen’s dishes is enough to make you call for reservations.

Read: 6 Healthy Breakfasts For When You Don’t Want Eggs

Coco 9: 8.30 a.m.

Even though it opens slightly late than the others on the list, it’s worth a mention. Some say once you have Coco 9’s breakfast, you wouldn’t want to go anywhere else.

Other notable mentions:

Del Frio: 8 a.m.

Bella Vita: 8 a.m.

Vintage: 8 a.m.

Dialogue: 8 a.m.

Chaaye Khana: 8 a.m.

Have we missed out on any of your favorites? Do let us know in the comments!

Have to have breakfast at home? Try these delicious egg recipes that will make you feel like you’re in a restaurant!

 

The post What Are Mummy Breakfasts And Where Should One Go For Them? appeared first on HTV.

]]>
The Countless Benefits Of Coconut Water For Your Child https://htv.com.pk/moms/coconut-water-benefits-for-kids Mon, 12 Nov 2018 11:59:46 +0000 https://htv.com.pk/?p=40942

Coconut water may be the best drink you can give to your child as it contains key nutrients such as iron, chloride, potassium, sodium, phosphorous, magnesium, lauric acid and calcium. If your little one is ill, coconut water can go a long way in helping him/her replenish as it has ample amounts of nutrients and […]

The post The Countless Benefits Of Coconut Water For Your Child appeared first on HTV.

]]>

Coconut water may be the best drink you can give to your child as it contains key nutrients such as iron, chloride, potassium, sodium, phosphorous, magnesium, lauric acid and calcium. If your little one is ill, coconut water can go a long way in helping him/her replenish as it has ample amounts of nutrients and minerals.

It is an excellent source of nourishment for your child when he/she gets dehydrated. Coconut water is also known as a tonic that treats the cold and the flu. It contains vitamins, minerals, and salts that aid in treating fever as well as gastrointestinal diseases.

Babies and infants can digest coconut water from the minute they start consuming solid foods. Experts recommend feeding them coconut water then rather than coconut chunks.

Coconut water should not be given to babies below six months of age as there might be chances of allergic reactions. It has high sodium and calcium content which is why experts recommend diluting it with rice before serving it to babies.

Coconut water’s anti-bacterial, anti-microbial, and anti-viral properties make it one of the best cures for a child’s skin infections. It moisturizes the child’s skin from within and eliminates the excess oil.

Feeding your child coconut water will ensure he/she develops strong bones as it is high in calcium, chloride and potassium. Coconut water is low on sugar and sodium and that makes it effective in making sure that the child stays energized with the proper amount nutrients.

If your child is suffering from digestion problems, then coconut water also has the cure for it. It helps improve digestion due to its high fibre content and cure acid reflux.

So in short, keep giving your child coconut water if you want to see him/her healthy, happy and energized!

*This article first appeared in daily publication National Courier written by Shahjahan Khurram

The post The Countless Benefits Of Coconut Water For Your Child appeared first on HTV.

]]>