As a woman or man, care for your skin

Wardha Hussain Rizvi Oct 15 2015

As adolescents hit puberty, they start noticing changes in their skin. Hardly any people are lucky enough to not have witnessed either oily skin, break outs, dryness, freckles and clogged pores.

It takes you all life to figure out how to care for your skin.

Some blame the weather while others blame their hormones or beauty products they use for their acne and bad skin condition. Regardless, it is a problem faced by males and females together. Acne is difficult to cure and tackle because different people get acne for different reasons.

Bacteria accumulating on your skin and in your pores are the direct cause of pus filled pimples with an added effect of sebum, an oily secretion produced by your glands. The control of sebum production is under sex hormones. Therefore, hormonal imbalance and unhygienic skin condition are the main causes of acne.

Whatever skin problems one faces and to whichever race they belong, everyone wants perfect skin. Although no one can promise you a perfect skin, following a proper skin care routine may prevent and improve your issues.

Depending on your skin type, you should follow a skin care routine and pick the products you use carefully. The order in which you use them and when you apply them will affect the result, so that should be taken care of too.

While many assume that skin care products are only used by women, men who are acne prone or develop acne from stress can benefit from this type of skin care regime.

The essential and basic skin care routine includes:

Step 1: Cleansing

Solely rinsing your face with water doesn’t clean it properly. A cleanser is supposed to clean up impurities, oil and debris from your skin. Pick a gentle water soluble cleanser for a clean face to get ready for the next step of your skin care routine. After cleansing you should expect your skin to feel cleaner, healthy and smooth. If your skin is acne and scar prone, pick a cleanser with kojic acid and salicylic acid for acne treatment.

Step 2: Toning

After cleansing, dab on a ball of cotton soaked in some toner. This removes the last traces of makeup stuck to your pores and further smoothes and calms your skin. A good quality toner will add on vital skin repairing ingredients after cleansing. If your cleanser contains acne treatment, then toner helps soothe redness and dryness that the cleanser might cause. Toner replenishes and hydrates the skin for a smoother look and glow. Daily use of a good cleanser will reduce your acne, spots, and dryness, and help it function in a healthier way.

Step 3: Exfoliation

Once you’re done with toning your skin, the next step is to exfoliate your skin with a scrub with fruit extracts. Scrubs can often be harsh for your skin, so pick one that can be used daily, otherwise it might worsen acne. When you go out in the sun your skin thickens as a mechanism to protect you from too much sun. This adds to oil and debris already on your skin and can complicate acne and other skin problems. Exfoliation eliminates this build up and reveals new and fresh skin. The dead cells shed off and your skin feels rejuvenated. Exfoliation unclog pores, improves redness, black heads and breakouts. A collagen rich exfoliant is best of aging skin.

Since the skin of men is harder and rougher, the use of toner is not needed. However, if you are a man, don’t be afraid to cleanse and exfoliate your skin using products specifically for men.

After this basic regimen you might want to moisturize your skin or it can be followed by your acne, skin lightening or anti aging treatment. If you have any of these problems and are looking for a solution do not pick just any treatment. Ask your dermatologist to refer to you the best treatment for your skin type.

Wardha Hussain Rizvi

Wardha Hussain Rizvi:

Wardha is currently a student of M.B.B.S second year in Ziauddin University and aspires to be the best dermatologist in Pakistan. Due to her dissatisfaction with the current health industry she is doing her bit in creating health awareness by freelance writing for HTV, Pakistan's most effective health platform.